By C. Georg. University of Wisconsin-River Falls.

OBTAINING A HIGH RESPONSE Questionnaires are big business and as more and more fall through our letterboxes we become less willing to spend the time completing them meldonium 250 mg otc. You need to make yours stand out so that all your careful planning and construc- tion is not wasted cheap 250 mg meldonium with visa. There are many simple measures you can take to try to ensure a high response rate. X Is the questionnaire relevant to the lives, attitudes and beliefs of the respondents? X Can the respondents read if they are to be given a self- administered questionnaire? For example, illegal immigrants may be less likely to fill in a questionnaire than legal immigrants. X Are the instructions straightforward and realistic about how long it will take to complete? X Has the respondent been told who the research is for and what will happen to the results? X Has the respondent been reassured that you under- stand and will comply with the Data Protection Act? X Can your respondents see some personal benefit to be 98 / PRACTICAL RESEARCH METHODS gained by completing the questionnaire? X Has a follow-up letter and duplicate questionnaire been sent in cases of none response? QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN CHECKLIST X Make your questionnaire as short as possible. X Don’t assume knowledge or make it seem that you expect a certain level of knowledge by the way your questions are worded. X Decide whether you’re interested in behaviour, beliefs, attitudes or characteristics or a combination of the above. X Make sure you have made the right decisions concern- ing open-ended questions, closed-ended questions or a combination of both. X Decide whether your questionnaire is to be self-admi- nistered or interviewer administered.

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Furthermore buy meldonium 500mg otc, some 32 best 250 mg meldonium,000 of these deaths are from cancer and 25,000 from heart disease and strokes, many of which could have been prevented. In this context, the concept of prevention is abused: death cannot be prevented, only postponed. Unfortunately, given the current state of medical science, death can generally be postponed only for a relatively short time by relatively intensive preventive measures. In the nineteenth century, public health measures to improve sanitation and housing played a decisive role in curtailing the epidemics of infectious diseases that devastated the urban poor. Over the past two decades, proponents of the ‘new public health’ have emphasised the promotion of a healthy lifestyle as the key strategy to combat the modern epidemics of heart disease and cancer. The central weakness of the new public health is the fact that the scope for significant postponement of death from the major causes of premature mortality by preventive measures is limited, though the costs are often substantial. Thus, for example, the increase in average life expectancy to be gained from a 10 per cent reduction in the level of serum cholesterol in the population at large (a much vaunted target of the 1992 Health of the Nation White Paper, though dropped in the 1999 document) is between 2. However, even to achieve this degree of reduction in cholesterol would require either drastic dietary modification or long-term drug treatment (with its attendant side- effects). Now it is true that the fact that old people live longer does not necessarily mean that they suffer worse health. However, it is also true that there is a tendency for the prevalence of common chronic degenerative conditions— heart disease, stroke, cancer, osteoarthritis, diabetes, dementia—to increase with age. What is by no means clear is the contribution of the various preventive measures favoured by the government to improving the quality—as distinct from the duration—of people’s lives. Indeed it may well be the case that an old person’s enjoyment of a cigarette, a cream bun and a bottle of Guinness is more important to them than the extra few weeks they might spend in a life of miserable abstinence.

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His good friend Robert Jones for Children discount 500mg meldonium with amex, Carshalton order 250 mg meldonium with mastercard, and quickly established was not perturbed and let the remark pass with a one of the largest private practices in London. Trethowan was a generous friend He was a genius; but unfortunately he seldom and a remarkable host. Many writings were “The Treatment of Simple Frac- will recall parties at his Hampstead home where tures” in Robert Jones’ Textbook of Military in the billiard room he had installed an enormous Orthopedic Surgery (1920) and an article of organ. An able performer, he would begin to play singular clarity and brevity on orthopedics in perhaps at midnight and continue fortissimo well Choyce’s System of Surgery. He was a 334 Who’s Who in Orthopedics great figure, a most simulating chief, and a good The British Orthopedic Association presented friend. Joseph Trueta retired to his Catalonian mother- land in 1966 but continued his surgical and sci- entific work. Many are so familiar with Trueta’s work on war (and other) wounds that there is no need to reca- pitulate his perfection of the method that Winnett Orr had previously and somewhat hesitantly devised. That Trueta arrived in this country in 1939 was a godsend; after a short-lived display of characteristic British scepticism, we were con- verted to the “closed-plaster” regimen. I had the immense privilege of seeing those wounds before and after he had dealt with them: but it fell to my lot to take a later look inside far more often than even J. Because the Wingfield was an official nerve injuries center, hundreds of men Joseph TRUETA with complex injuries came to us. Trueta—and 1897–1977 Jim Scott—dealt with their soft-tissue and skele- tal injuries—apart from the damaged nerves, Joseph Trueta was professor emeritus of orthope- which we tackled as soon as they said it was safe dic surgery in the University of Oxford. Scores of photographs attest how benign qualified in Barcelona and became chief surgeon was the scarring we encountered.